Propagation of Error
The uncertainty in a value obtained as a result of a calculation is found using the propagation of errors formulas. These formula work for indeterminate errors. For addition and subtraction:
s2 are variance. The total variance is the sum of the individual variance.
For multiplication and division:
In this case error is propagated as the squared relative standard deviation.
Other useful formulas are:
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This page was created by Professor Stephen Bialkowski, Utah State University.
Tuesday, August 03, 2004